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The Nord-du-Québec region at a glance

Territory and main cities
Economy and employment
Portrait of immigration
Services to immigrants offered by the Ministère
Resources and interesting links

Territory and main cities

The Nord-du-Québec is both the largest administrative region in Québec, with an area of 840,000 square kilometres (55% of Québec’s total area), and the least populated administrative region, with a density rate of 0.1 inhabitants per square kilometre, for a total of 44,256 inhabitants (2014).

The region is comprised of two territories:

  • Nunavik, north of the 55th parallel, inhabited in majority by the Inuit;
  • Baie-James, south of the 55th parallel, inhabited by the Jamésiens and the Cree in equal numbers.

The main cities in this territory provide the population with a full range of urban services (education, health, security and culture), in addition to wide variety of activities for outdoor enthusiasts thanks to its proximity to nature.

The Jamésiens live in five municipalities—Chibougamau, Lebel-sur-Quévillon, Chapais, Matagami and Baie-James—comprising three localities (Radisson, Valcanton and Villebois) and two hamlets (Desmaraisville and Miquelon). Most of the Cree live in nine communities along the shores of baie James and in the southern part of the territory. The most populated communities are Chisasibi, Mistissini, Waskaganish, Waswanipi and Wemindji. The people of Nunavik are spread out over 14 villages along the shores of the baie d'Hudson and Strait as well as baie d'Ungava. The most populated villages are Kuujjuaq, Puvirnituq, Inukjuak and Salluit.

Information on the territory and its subregions

Economy and employment

Economic activity of the Nord-du-Québec is based primarily on the exploitation of natural resources.  Mining, hydroelectricity and forestry are the region’s main economic engines. For instance, the Nord-du-Québec is the largest producer of electricity in Québec, with 49% of its total potential.

The development of health and education services as well as public administration and tourism have diversified the regional economy. The Québec government’s plan for the development of the northern territory, Le Plan Nord, should also generate economic growth and job creation.

A wide range of professions and trades are in demand in the Nord-du-Québec. In July 2015, a total of 51 were classified by Emploi-Québec. For example, the mining industry and construction sector offer excellent job opportunities. To obtain a complete and up-to-date list of these professions and trades, or for information about the job market, visit the IMT website.

Information on employment and training

Centres locaux d’emploi (local employment centres)

Portrait of immigration

In terms of ethnocultural diversity, the presence of three populations—the Inuit, Cree and Jamésiens—lends the region its unique character. However, the Nord-du-Québec has yet to enjoy the arrival of a significant number of immigrants. In 2011, the immigrant population was 405, or 1% of the total population, primarily from France, Haiti, China, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Services to immigrants offered by the Ministère

Resources and interesting links


To learn more

Contact the Centre de contacts clientèle.


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Last modification : 2018-07-06
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