The rights and responsibilities of Quebecers
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The rights and responsibilities of Quebecers

In Québec, the purpose of the Charter of human rights and freedoms is to raise awareness of human rights and freedoms and ensure they are respected.

The Charter applies to all people living in Québec, regardless of their convictions. It covers various categories of rights:

  • Fundamental rights and freedoms
  • The right to equality
  • Political rights
  • Judicial rights
  • Economic and social rights

According to the Charter of human rights and freedoms, all people are equal in worth and dignity, and have the same legal protections, regardless of their personal traits or characteristics:

  • Race
  • Skin colour
  • Sex
  • Gender identity or expression
  • Pregnancy
  • Sexual orientation
  • Civil status
  • Age
  • Religion
  • Political convictions
  • Language
  • Ethnic or national origin
  • Social condition
  • A handicap

In Québec, the rights and freedoms of each person are inseparable from those of others and the common well-being.

The fundamental rights

The fundamental rights ensure respect for human dignity and protect the values of freedom and equality.

They include the following rights:

  • The right to life
  • The right to personal security
  • The right to inviolability
  • The right to personal freedom
  • The right to privacy

The fundamental rights also guarantee the protection of:

  • Freedom of conscience
  • Freedom of religion
  • Freedom of opinion
  • Freedom of expression
  • Freedom of peaceful assembly
  • Freedom of association

Because the fundamental rights are exercised in society, there are certain limits on their application. They must not conflict with the following principles:

  • Democratic values
  • Secularism of the state
  • Public order
  • The Québec public’s welfare


Non-violence is very important to Québec society. It is present in all areas of private and public life in Québec. Québec society encourages conflict resolution through negotiation.

Moreover, discrimination is prohibited in all areas of daily life, such as:

  • Employment
  • Housing
  • Access to businesses
  • Access to public places

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Last modification : 2019-12-30
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