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Conjugal partner

A person 16 years of age or over of the same or the opposite sex who has maintained with the sponsor a marital relationship for at least one year and who is living outside Canada.

Co-signing spouse

Your spouse or common-law spouse may sign the undertaking form. Your spouse then also becomes jointly and severally responsible, along with you, for this undertaking.

The co-signing spouse must satisfy the same conditions as the sponsor. He or she undertakes to provide for the essential needs of the sponsored person(s) and assumes the same responsibilities as the sponsor.

Dependent child

The biological offspring of either parent, who has not been adopted by any person other than the spouse or de facto spouse of one of his/her parents; or the adopted child of one or the other parent.

One of the following situations applies to this child:

  • he/she is under 22 years of age, and is neither married (he/she is single, widowed, or divorced) nor a de facto spouse; or
  • he/she is still substantially dependent on the financial support of one or the other parent, and is 22 years of age or over and, at least since his/her 22nd birthday, has been unable to support himself/herself owing to a physical or mental disability.

This definition also extends to the child of a dependent child.


Spouse or de facto spouse

A married person of at least 16 years of age who:

  • was not , at the time of marriage, the spouse of another person;
  • is not the de facto spouse of another person while living apart from his or her spouse for at least one year.

De facto spouse

A person at least 16 years of age of the same or the opposite sex who has:

  • been living maritally for at least one year with the sponsor or the principal sponsored person;
  • had a marital relationship for at least one year with the sponsor or the principal sponsored person but who may not live with him or her because of persecution or penal control
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Last modification : 2017-10-20
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