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Glossary

Agreements with language schools

The agreements between the Québec government and language schools provide for the schools to teach French to candidates referred to them by Québec Immigration offices abroad.

These schools register students, provide training and evaluate learning with their own tools. They then issue the appropriate certificate.

Certain elements from the content of the Ministère educational program are incorporated into courses offered to candidates.

Alliances françaises

The Alliance française has a well-established international school network and considerable expertise in teaching French. They operate in countries where Québec wishes to diversify its recruiting. They are able to administer international tests such as the Test d’evaluation du français (TEF), the Test de connaissance du français (TCF), the Test d’évaluation du français adapté pour le Québec (TEFAQ), the Test de connaissance du français pour le Québec (TCFQ), the Diplôme d’études en langue française (DELF) and the Diplôme approfondi de langue française (DALF).

List of agreements with language schools

Attestation of child care for payment of an allowance form

The form must be signed by the student and the person who provides child care services.

CEGEPs

In Québec, at the post-secondary level, students pursue their studies in special teaching establishments known by the French acronym CEGEP (Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel). This is an educational step between high school and university for students in the general program, or a vocational training school for others.

Child

For purposes of child care allowances, the Ministère defines a dependent child as follows:
Dependent child aged 12 or under, or a child over the age of 12 who attends primary school or is physically or mentally disabled, over whom the student or his spouse have and exercise parental authority.
(Source: Financial aid program for the linguistic integration of immigrants (PAFILI) 2019-2020, page 2)

Child care

To help parents combine their family and occupational responsibilities, the Québec government created a network of child care services offering diverse resources including Centres de la petite enfance (early childhood centres) and day-care centres.

Community organizations

Community organizations are nongovernmental, not-for-profit organizations that make agreements with the Ministère to provide various integration services to immigrants.

Organizations that work on the socio-linguistic integration of immigrants are members of the Regroupement des organismes en francisation du Québec.

Course formats

The Ministère offers three types of course formats based on:

  • language knowledge
  • availability
  • needs.

These course formats are:

  • full-time intensive courses – 25 or 30 course hours per week
  • part-time courses – 4 hours, 6 hours, 9 hours, 12 hours per week, during the day, evening or on weekends
  • specialized courses, for distinct customers or those with specific needs.

The Ministère courses are offered in partnership with universities, colleges, community organizations and school boards.

If admission to an Ministère French course is confirmed, there will be no tuition fees.

Eligibility for allowances

To determine the candidate’s eligibility for financial aid, an employee must:

  • consider the candidate’s immigration situation
  • consult the candidate’s immigration documents
  • consult the immigration documents of the candidate's children
  • check if the candidate is already receiving another form of financial aid from the government (employment insurance, employment assistance, parental insurance)

Employment assistance

Last-resort aid for underprivileged persons or families.

Employment insurance

Employment insurance provides temporary financial assistance to unemployed Canadians while they seek a new job or upgrade their skills.

Handicapped person

A person with an impairment causing a significant and persistent disability, who is liable to encounter barriers in performing everyday activities.
(Source: R.S.Q., c. E-20.1: An Act to secure handicapped persons in the exercise of their rights)

The Québec government wishes to ensure the full participation of handicapped persons in the community life and development of Québec.

Immigration status – Full-time course

You are eligible if you are:

  • a permanent resident within the meaning of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (S.C. 2001, chapter 27);
  • a holder of a temporary stay permit issued under section 24 of this Act, with a view to the eventual granting of permanent residence or for humanitarian reasons or public interest (codes 17, 27, 37, and 86 to 95)*;
  • a holder of a temporary stay permit to work or study*;
  • a person who has obtained asylum, within the meaning of section 95 of this Act;
  • a person authorized to submit an on-site application for permanent residence;
  • a holder of a work permit issued in conformity with the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (S.C. 2001, chapter 27), or who is exempt from the obligation to hold such a permit under this Act, and who lives in Québec principally to work;
  • a holder of a Certificat d'acceptation du Québec (CAQ – Québec Acceptance Certificate) issued under the Québec Immigration Act (CQLR, chapter I-0.2.1) or recipient of a Government of Québec scholarship pursuant to the policy applying to foreign students in Québec colleges and universities;*
  • a naturalized Canadian citizen.

 

* Notice for individuals temporarily residing in Québec:
An immigrant holding a work or study permit must respect the conditions related to their status. If the registration for a full-time French course does not conform to these conditions, the immigrant could lose their temporary resident status. Failure to respect the conditions of their stay could also lead to a refusal of the next application to stay in Québec or elsewhere in Canada. It is the immigrant’s responsibility to know the conditions related to their status and respect them. For more information, contact Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.

Immigration status – Part-time and specialized courses, online francization

You are eligible if you are:

  • a permanent resident within the meaning of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (S.C. 2001, chapter 27);
  • a holder of a temporary stay permit issued under section 24 of this Act, with a view to the eventual granting of permanent residence or for humanitarian reasons or public interest (codes 17, 27, 37, and 86 to 95);
  • a person who has obtained asylum, within the meaning of section 95 of this Act;
  • a person authorized to submit an on-site application for permanent residence;
  • a holder of a temporary residence permit for work or study*;
  • a holder of a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ – Québec Selection Certificate);
  • a naturalized Canadian citizen.

 

A person aged 16 or over who claims asylum in Canada and who settles in Quebec is only eligible for part-time francization services.

* Notice for individuals temporarily residing in Québec:
An immigrant holding a work or study permit must respect the conditions related to their status. If the registration for a full-time French course does not conform to these conditions, the immigrant could lose their temporary resident status. Failure to respect the conditions of their stay could also lead to a refusal of the next application to stay in Québec or elsewhere in Canada. It is the immigrant’s responsibility to know the conditions related to their status and respect them. For more information, contact Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.

Instructor

In full-time Ministère courses, language learning support activities are provided by francization instructors. Their role is to practice and consolidate what the teacher taught in class. Through these activities, the instructors seek to develop a better understanding of Québec and facilitate integration into Québec society.

Maximum of 2200 hours

The duration of lessons will vary depending on needs. However, the total duration, including full-time, part-time, specialized and on-line courses, cannot exceed 2200 hours.

Ministère evaluator

The evaluator is a specialist who determines the level of French knowledge of a candidate during an interview. The evaluation meeting is by appointment. It is generally held in Ministère offices or at a partner’s location.

Partners

The Ministère reaches agreements to open up French classes with recognized educational establishments and community organizations throughout Québec. These partnerships were formed to allow immigrants to learn French while encouraging their social and occupational integration into francophone environments.

From August 2004 to May 2005, the distribution of full-time students served by the partners was as follows: 21% in universities, 62% in CEGEPs, 11% in community organizations and 6% in school boards.

Resource materials

Teaching material was distributed to partner language schools that signed an agreement with the Ministère. The documentation which can consist of:

  • monographs on the general history, geography, values and culture of Québec
  • practical guides to facilitate adaptation and integration in Québec
  • workbooks and manuals produced in Québec for teaching and learning French as a second language
  • a selection of CDs representative of the most current authors, composers and actors
  • a selection of classic and recent Québec novels
  • webographies of useful online resources on Quebec and Quebec culture.


These documents are intended for teachers as well as for immigration candidates registered in French courses at these schools.

School boards

These organizations group together public schools from preschool to secondary education inclusively, as well as vocational training centres and adult education centres.

Selection criteria for immigrants

For the government, knowledge of French is an essential factor in the integration of immigrants in Québec. The Québec selection grid assigns great importance to knowledge of French. The desire to ensure the continuity and stability of the French element in Québec is behind this decision.

Skills in French

To measure a student’s language skills, the Ministère uses a scale comprised of 12 levels that apply to these four competencies:

  • oral comprehension
  • oral expression
  • written comprehension
  • written expression

These competencies are divided into three stages:

  • Beginner - levels 1 to 4
  • Intermediate - levels 5 to 8
  • Advanced - levels 9 to 12

 

Spouse

Any person married to a student and with whom the student co-habits or any person who, in the 12 months prior to the application for financial aid, lived maritally with the student and is publicly presented by the student as his or her spouse.

Supporting documents

  • Supporting documents stating the identity and place of residence of children
  • Supporting documents stating immigration status

Teacher

Through teaching activities in oral interaction, written comprehension and written expression, the teacher seeks to build the immigrant’s language skills in French as a second language.

University

University education is the second stage of higher education and is divided into three levels: Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctorate.

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Last modification : 2019-08-23
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