Modification of the statutory definition of "dependent child"
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Modification of the statutory definition of "dependent child"

The Government of Canada, responsible for defining the immigration classes, modified the definition of “dependent child” in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations. In order to harmonize its regulation with that of the federal government, Québec adopted the same definition. This modification enters into effect on October 24, 2017.

Henceforth, a dependent child shall be considered:

  • a child who is less than 22 years of age and not a spouse or de facto spouse;
  • a child who is 22 years of age or older and has, since the age of 22, been unable to meet their needs and is dependent on the financial support of their parents due to a physical or mental condition.


Please also note that the new definition has effects on the duration of sponsorship undertaking of dependent children.

Transitional measures applicable until February 1, 2018

The new definition of dependent children applies to applications for a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ - Québec selection certificate) and undertaking applications submitted as of October 24, 2017. However, some children whose parents presented a CSQ application before October 24, 2017, could be entitled to the transitional measures implemented by the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion, which will allow them to submit their own CSQ application without paying additional fees.

To submit a CSQ application, the child must meet all three of the following conditions:

  1. He or she must be 19, 20 or 21 years of age on May 3, 2017, or on the date of submission of the CSQ application for one of his or her parents, if this application was submitted between May 3, 2017 (inclusively) and October 24, 2017;
  2. The CSQ application for one of his or her parents was in the review process on May 3, 2017 or was submitted between May 3, 2017 (inclusively) and October 24, 2017;
    One of his or her parents holds a CSQ, but permanent residence has not yet been granted by the federal government;
  3. He or she is not a spouse or de facto spouse.


Steps to follow

To submit a CSQ application as a child entitled to the transitional measures, the child must fill out and send to us:

He or she must include the following documents with the application:

  • a photocopy of his or her birth certificate or an excerpt of it, indicating the name of his or her parents;
  • a photocopy of the pages of his or her valid passport indicating the date of issue and expiry, his or her identify as well as any changes made to this information;
  • a recent passport size photo.


He or she must then send all of these documents to the mailing address of the Direction de l’enregistrement et de l’évaluation comparative.

Deadline for dependent children to benefit from transitional measures

Applications MUST be submitted before February 1, 2018.

Temporary public policy regarding requests to process children aged 19 to 21 as dependants

To find out the details regarding the transitional measures implemented by the federal government please consult the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada website.

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Last modification : 2017-11-15
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