Sharing of responsibilities between the Federal and Québec governments
The Québec and federal governments share responsibilities with respect to immigration.
Government of Canada
In the area of humanitarian immigration, Canada is responsible for determining if a person, whether living in Canada or abroad, is a refugee or a person in a similar situation. Canada is also responsible for establishing and applying criteria relating to health, security and criminality.
Persons who are granted refugee status while residing in Québec are not subject to the Québec selection process.
Canada is also responsible for determining, on humanitarian grounds, whether to process in Canada, an application for permanent residence. If Canada acquiesces, the person is subject to the Québec selection process.
Québec’s selection process takes into account both the extent of the candidate’s distress and his or her capacity for integration into Québec society.
Gouvernement du Québec (Government of Québec)
Each year, Québec, along with the Government of Canada, determines the number and provenience of refugees and persons in similar situations who, once selected, will be admitted into Québec and taken charge of by the government (government-assisted refugees).
In order to be selected as a government-assisted refugee by Québec, a person must be considered by Canada to be a Convention Refugee Abroad who has not resettled permanently in the country where he or she is seeking asylum. The person on behalf of whom a collective sponsorship is undertaken may also be recognized as belonging to the category of a person in the country of asylum class.
The application is then assessed by Québec in light of the following factors: the personal qualities and language proficiency of the foreign national and accompanying family members, the presence of accompanying dependent children, a relationship with a Québec resident who is the spouse, including de facto spouse, or a relative in the first or second degree, any work experience, remunerated or not.
Other factors are also taken into consideration such as level of education and resourcefulness. Personal qualities (flexibility, social skills, vitality, initiative, perseverance, level-headedness, self-confidence, maturity and motivation) are demonstrated through the refugees’ previous experiences in their country of origin or in the country of first asylum, as well as through the responsibilities that they have undertaken within their community or through obtaining employment when possible.
The claimants’ previous experiences in their country of origin or in
the country of first asylum, as well as current responsibilities in their communities,
are also taken into consideration.