Process for adopting a child residing abroad
   
 
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Process for adopting a child residing abroad

In Québec, international adoption activities are coordinated by Secrétariat à l’adoption internationale, which operates under Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux (MSSS).

To adopt a child residing abroad (even if the child is related to you), all Québec residents must first obtain authorization from Secrétariat à l’adoption internationale before starting the adoption process in the child’s country of origin.

These rules apply both to permanent residents who are not yet Canadian citizens and to Canadian citizens and dual citizens, even if the child to be adopted is a family member.

Obtaining authorization from Secrétariat à l’adoption internationale (SAI)

After ensuring that the adoptive parents are fit to adopt a child, that the appropriate consents have been obtained and that the adoption complies with the laws and regulations of the child’s country of origin and Québec legislation, SAI authorizes the international adoption by issuing a letter of non-opposition in which it declares that it is not aware of any reasons to oppose the adoption of a child residing abroad.

Applying for Canadian citizenship for the child you wish to adopt

Since December 2007, the Citizenship Act allows a large proportion of children adopted abroad to become Canadian citizens, enabling adoptive parents to bypass the potentially longer and more costly sponsorship process. For more information on granting citizenship to children adopted abroad, contact Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

Adoptive parents who are unable or unwilling to apply for citizenship for the child they wish to adopt abroad will have to go through the sponsorship process. For more information, visit the Citizenship and Immigration Canada website or call the Client Support Centre at 1-888-242-2100.

Sponsoring a child for adoption (international adoption)

If you must sponsor the child you plan to adopt, Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion will contact you directly once it has received the letter of non-opposition from Secrétariat à l’adoption internationale asking you to download, complete and return the forms in the Undertaking application – Kit A – without financial requirements (this step does not apply to individuals who prefer to obtain Canadian citizenship for the child they plan to adopt).

 

  USEFUL INFORMATION  
  • Sponsoring a child adopted abroad before immigrating to Québec
    If you adopted a child abroad before immigrating to Québec and you want to sponsor the child, you must ensure that the judgment obtained has the effect of severing the pre-existing parent-child relationship between the child and his or her family of origin and creating a new parent-child relationship with the adoptive parent (full adoption).
  • Sponsoring a child from China
    If the child to be adopted is from China, please consult the Notice to individuals in the process of adopting a Chinese child.
 
     

 

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Last modification : 2018-09-06
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